International School: Criteria, Teachers & Programmes
International schools are amongst the most highly regarded schools in the world. They are primarily English-speaking, located in most countries (particularly non-English-speaking countries), and are currently teaching over 3.6 million children.
For people applying to international school vacancies for the first time, expect a difference between your current teaching role.
An international school provides a curriculum that is not the national curriculum of the country it is located in. Instead, it may offer an international curriculum, such as the International Baccalaureate (within which there is the Primary Years Program – PYP, the Middle Years Program – MYP, and the IB Diploma Program – IBDP) or the International Primary Curriculum (IPC) and/or International Middle Years Curriculum (IMYC.
It may also offer the national curriculum of another country. The most common national curricula used in international schools are the National Curriculum of England, an American curriculum, or adapted versions of these. The National Curriculum of England is very common in international schools, but is very often adapted to make it more relevant to an international student population and appropriate for the host country – this may mean including relevant learning references to the country’s history and culture
The Bard reminded us that a name by itself means nothing – it’s what’s behind the name that matters. Does having the word international in a school’s name make it international? That is the question! Shakespeare references aside, this raises a very valid question – what is an international school, and what, exactly, makes it international?
International schools come in many shapes and sizes and the term itself includes a variety of schools encompassing a wide variety of formats and curricula, with some being more international than others.
To be considered an actual international school, it is widely agreed that a school generally follows a national or international curriculum different from that of the host country. Additionally, an emphasis is placed on international education (with such programs as the IB) and global citizenship.
International School Teachers
There are over 346,000 staff teaching overseas in international schools today. They come from many countries, particularly the UK, Ireland, Canada, New Zealand, Australia, South Africa, and the US. This makes international schools a melting pot of nationalities, with many opportunities for the staff to share techniques in pedagogy.
External professional development opportunities for international school teachers can be quite limited or highly expensive because international schools are spread far and wide, with some schools being very isolated. Much professional development occurs internally, either by a visiting trainer or led by one of the staff members. The international diversity of the staff means that best practices from many countries can be shared and incorporated.
The international school market has experienced explosive the past 10 years, with the number of international schools more than Duane bling across the globe. With this pa27 billion dollars, new schools were added to the network of thousands of international schools worldwide. ISC Research, a UK-based organization dedicated to international research and tracking developments in the international school market, calculates that there are currently over 2.8 million students enrolled in international schools around the world.
International K-12 education is a big business – with an annual income of approximately 27 billion dollars (US) a year, employing over 270,000 teachers and administrators. According to Nick, Brummitt, Managing Director of ISC Research, “the international schools market doubled in size over the last ten years and will undoubtedly double again within the next ten.”
More than two-thirds of the annual increase for 2011 came from Asia, where ISC reports 238 new schoo27 billion dollars in the year alone. This is largely fueled by China where the growth in foreign businesses, the expatriate community, and the export market of the international schools market. With 46 new schools, China accounts for one in five of the new Asian schools started this past year.
Brummitt of ISC projects, “The greatest demand will continue to come from increasingly wealthy families in Asia, including the East, wanting an English-medium education for their children.” The trend will continue in that e in China because “Chinese nationals are not allowed to attend foreign-owned schools, therefore, dramatic growth is expected in new international sections of private Chinese schools,” predicts Brummitt.
The rapid growth has corresponded with the proliferation of the title, “international” placed on many schools that may have the veneer of being international in name only. For example, of the 345 new schools that opened last year, 80 or 23% are offering one or more of the IB programs (i.e. MYP, PYP, DPP.
International School Criteria
The question is what about the more than three-quarters of international schools that are not offering that program? Of course, the IB is not the only game in town, but it raises the question sort of international program or curriculum all these new schools offer? Are there truly international schools? These questions and others are what prompted the International Association of School Librarianship, at their 2009 conference in Italy, to outline a list of criteria for a school to be desc, ribbed as an international school. They noted that although all international schools may not meet all criteria, a majority of the eight specified criteria should be met.
IASL Criteria for International Schools
1. Transferability of students’ education across international schools
2. A moving population (higher than in national public schools)
3. Multinational and multilingual student body
4. An international curriculum (i.e. IB – DP, MYP, PYP)
5. International accreditation (e.g. CIS, IBO, North Eastern ASC, Western Ass. Of Schools and colleges, etc.)
6. A transient and multinational teacher population
7. Non-selective student enrollment
8thenually English or bi-lingual as the language of instruction
Not everyone agrees with the above criteria. Frank Anderson, Superintendent Emeritus of Colegio International de Carabobo in Venezuela, believes “It’s not where the students come from, but how the educational program is delivered.” “If the school’s mission is to deliver an international education through a curriculum such as the IB and to produce global citizens,” then according to Anderson, “it’s an international school.” Anderson also believes in giving more leeway to the accrediting body, noting that in addition to the international accreditation organizations, many international schools are accredited by the host country’s Ministry of Education.
This view is echoed by Connie Buford, Regional Educational officer for the Office of Ovthenas Schools at the U.S. State Department. “As obvious as it may seem, the exact definition of an international school is really hard to pin down.” Buford is quick to point out that many schools are using an international curriculum even if they’re not using the IB: “They’re teaching international culture, history, and prospects, and those hallmark features make it international.”
Buford feels that if a school has at least two of the characteristics noted above, it should be considered an istudentonal school. Furthermore, she emphasizes that the key point of distinction is that “No matter what the make-up of the student population or the curriculum employed, the school should Inst, ll an ‘international-mindedness’ amongst its student’s others believe not her term, and in fact, it’s what the IBO (International, l Baccalaureate Organization) claims sets them apart from other programs. According to the IBO, “It is a philosophy student will carry with them through the rest of their lives.”
Buford says that this idea can be distilled into a very simple goal: “Students should realize that there’s a big world out there and there’s moran just your own country and culture.”
Others believe that having all, or many, of the criteria outlined by the IASL, puts a school in a top-tier category of international schools. The international teacher said that he only considers a school truly international if it has: “an international curriculum, a multinational student body, and a multinational, English-speaking faculty. These are the three mothers believe the school as being truly international,” according to this teacher, r who requested anonymity because of his recent experience at a school which he believes did not deserve the title of international in its name.
By her admission, Ingrid Skirrow, one of the authors on the committee says that “Defining an international school is almost impossible…..we talked round and intend to come up with the criteria above, and although we were not 100% satisfied, we wanted to get something down in writing – mainly to try to distinguish. . . (International Schools) from national schools in the context he IASL Regions.”
ISC, the largest research company of international schools in the world, provides a very simple definition of what is required to be included in their database of 5,857 international schools: “A school is included in our database if it teaches wholly or partly in English outside an English-speaking country. Language schools are therefore completely different and are excluded.”
Students are the children or dependents of employees of international businesses, international organizations, foreign embassies, NGOs, missions, or missionary programs. In addition to the children of expatriates, many schools have local students from the host country attending. International schools are growing in popularity for host country students, and their parents are willing to pay the high tuition, so their children can learn the language of the international school (mostly English) and obtain quaNGOsations for higher education in a foreign country.
Students & Admissions
Some international schools have rest temporarily or ost country students the school can admit, while others are unable to admit host country students at all. For example, the American Embassy School in New Delhi does not admit students of Indian nationality, except in specific circumstances as mandated by the Government of India’s Ministry of External Affairs.*
Admission is guaranteed to the dependents of US citizens residing in New Delhi provided they meet the school’s eligibility requirements. Temporarily residents are admitted to the school.
This specification of students temporarily –lt to a 1973 bilateral agreement between the governments of India and the United States. According to the school’s admission page, “. . . The American Embassy School was established to enable American children to study under the American system of education, as well as third-country nationals (non-Indian, non-US) that are in Delhi temporarily for employment. The American Embassy School is not in competition with Indian schools, and is neither designed nor empowered to serve the needs of Indian students.”
Not all countries and/or schools have such agreements or restrictions on the nationality composition of their stud third-country there is a wide range of diversity (or lack thereotemporarilyschool the Spice of Life
International schools come in a wide variety of organizations, curricula, and approaches, but they all offer teachers the opportunity to live and work abroad in a challenging and stimulating environment.
Just as international schools serve to teach students that there’s a big world out there beyond just their own country and culture, teachers at international schools benefit immeasurably as they learn the same life lessons along with their students.
A Comprehensive Guide to Flights from Accra to Kumasi
Ghana, a country noted for its various landscapes and rich cultural history, has an effective air transport network that links major cities. One of the most popular routes is from Accra, the capital city, to Kumasi, the bustling metropolis in the Ashanti Region. In this in-depth study, we will investigate the dynamics of flights between Accra and Kumasi, including information on carriers, journey length, and the entire experience of this popular domestic route.
- Accra Kotoka International Airport (ACC): The voyage begins at Accra Kotoka International Airport, Ghana’s principal air transport gateway. This modern airport, which is well-equipped, serves as the departure point for flights to Kumasi.
- Kumasi International Airport (KMS) – Kumasi: The destination is the Ashanti Region’s Kumasi International Airport. To meet the increased number of passengers travelling to and from Kumasi, this airport has undergone considerable renovations.
There are several domestic airlines that fly between Accra and Kumasi, giving travellers alternatives according to their interests and timetables. Among the well-known airlines are:
- Africa World Airlines (AWA) is a major Ghanaian airline that operates daily flights between Accra and Kumasi.
- Air Ghana: Another important domestic airline that provides convenient connections between the two cities.
- Unity Air: A regional airline that also operates the Accra-Kumasi route, making domestic air travel more accessible in Ghana.
Because the flight time between Accra and Kumasi is very short, air travel is a handy and time-efficient choice for individuals who want to minimise travel time. The trip is normally 45 minutes long, allowing travellers to quickly shift between these two large cities.
Booking and Scheduling
Booking a flight from Accra to Kumasi is simple using the airlines’ official websites or travel agents. Flights are scheduled to serve a wide range of traveller demands, with several flights available throughout the day. To ensure optimal schedules, it is best to reserve tickets in advance, especially during high travel seasons.
The flight from Accra to Kumasi is short yet enjoyable. Cabin personnel should provide passengers with polite treatment, and some airlines may provide light snacks or refreshments throughout the journey. The trip’s small form provides a quick and easy travel experience.
Upon arriving at Kumasi International Airport, travellers can choose from a variety of ground transportation choices to get to their final destination. Taxis, rental automobiles, and shuttle services are all convenient options for getting to Kumasi.
The flight from Accra to Kumasi is an important route that connects two major cities in Ghana. Air travel has been a favourite means of transportation for individuals seeking quick and comfortable flights between these two bustling areas, thanks to dependable airlines, short travel periods, and efficient airport amenities. Whether travelling for business or pleasure, travelling from Accra to Kumasi provides a streamlined and delightful travel experience that allows travellers to easily explore the rich cultural tapestry of both cities.
Accra City Hotel: A Premier Oasis of Comfort and Luxury
Accra City Hotel, located in Ghana’s capital, is a paragon of luxury and hospitality. It is one of Accra’s top hotels, flawlessly blending modern comfort with the warmth of Ghanaian hospitality. In this detailed essay, we will look at the essential features, services, dining options, and overall attractiveness that make Accra City Hotel a top choice for discriminating travellers.
Accra City Hotel, conveniently positioned in Accra’s core business centre, provides visitors with easy access to key commercial hubs, government institutions, and cultural attractions. Because of its central position, it is an excellent alternative for both business travellers and visitors wishing to discover the dynamic city.
Rooms and Suites: Accra City Hotel offers a variety of well-appointed rooms and suites that are both comfortable and luxurious. Each lodging choice, from ordinary rooms to deluxe suites, is attractively designed and equipped with modern facilities. Guests may enjoy comfortable mattresses, modern decor, and spectacular city views.
Sankofa Restaurant: Sankofa, the hotel’s namesake restaurant, takes guests on a gourmet journey through Ghana’s many flavours. With a broad menu that includes both local and foreign cuisines, customers may enjoy a gourmet experience that represents Accra’s dynamic culinary scene.
Terrace Bar and Poolside Lounge
The Terrace Bar and Poolside Lounge give a classy atmosphere to unwind in a more casual setting. These locations provide the ideal combination of refinement and leisure, whether you’re sipping a refreshing cocktail by the pool or savouring light snacks with a view of the city skyline.
Facilities and Amenities
- Conference and Event Spaces: Accra City Hotel can accommodate a wide range of events, from corporate conferences to social gatherings. The hotel’s cutting-edge conference and event venues are complimented by skilled personnel, ensuring that events run smoothly and successfully.
- Fitness and Wellness: The hotel has a fitness centre with sophisticated workout equipment for health and wellness aficionados. After a workout, visitors may unwind and refresh at the spa with a variety of therapeutic treatments.
- Concierge Services: The Accra City Hotel’s specialised concierge service ensures that visitors enjoy a wonderful stay. Concierge services give a personalised touch to the entire visitor experience, from organising transportation to making local suggestions.
Accra City Hotel may incorporate eco-friendly practices in accordance with global sustainability trends. This might include energy-saving efforts, trash reduction initiatives, and community involvement programmes that demonstrate the hotel’s commitment to responsible tourism.
Reviews and Recognition
A look into Accra City Hotel’s guest reviews and any awards or accolades gives insight into the level of service and visitor satisfaction. Positive feedback and accolades from trustworthy sources demonstrate the hotel’s commitment to offering an extraordinary guest experience.
Accra City Hotel epitomises elegance, convenience, and exceptional service in the centre of Accra. With its exquisite suites, numerous dining experiences, and first-rate amenities, the hotel provides a refuge of luxury for both business and pleasure travellers. Guests who choose Accra City Hotel go on a journey where modern luxury meets Ghana’s rich cultural tapestry, resulting in an exceptional experience in the bustling capital city.
Navigating Ghana’s Heart: An In-Depth Look at the Accra Map
Accra, Ghana’s busy capital city, is a colourful mix of culture, history, and modernity. Understanding the structure of this dynamic metropolis is essential for both residents and visitors. In this detailed tour, we will delve into the complexities of the Accra map, emphasising significant monuments, neighbourhoods, and the general layout that distinguishes this West African metropolis.
Accra is located on the Gulf of Guinea and has a diversified terrain. Accra provides a variety of experiences, from coastal locations with gorgeous beaches to inland neighbourhoods rich in cultural heritage. Understanding the geographical pattern is necessary for effective navigation.
- Osu: Osu is one of Accra’s oldest neighbourhoods, with a bustling environment. Oxford Street, a prominent retail and entertainment district, is located here. This region also has historical landmarks such as Christiansborg Castle and the Kwame Nkrumah Mausoleum.
- Jamestown: With its colonial-era architecture, Jamestown is a historic district that maintains the city’s heritage. Its small alleyways are home to vivid street art, lighthouses, and the James Fort Prison.
- Airport City: This lively commercial zone is located near Kotoka International Airport. It is a business and international travel hub since it has corporate offices, luxury hotels, and conference centres.
- East Legon: East Legon is a residential and commercial neighbourhood noted for its affluent residences, retail centres, and restaurants. It’s a bustling neighbourhood with a combination of modern conveniences and a suburban feel.
- Kwabenya: Kwabenya, located on the outskirts of Accra, offers a more tranquil, suburban atmosphere. It is well-known for its residential neighbourhoods, schools, and green areas.
Landmarks and Points of Interest
- Kwame Nkrumah Mausoleum: Located in the centre of Accra, the Kwame Nkrumah Mausoleum is a notable monument. It is a centre of introspection and national pride that honours Ghana’s first President, Kwame Nkrumah.
- The Independence Arch and Black Star Square are prominent buildings that represent Ghana’s march to freedom. The Black Star Square is a large ceremonial location that is regularly utilised for national festivals and events.
- Makola Market: Makola Market is a busy commercial area that provides a sensory-rich experience. Its winding lanes expose a lively assortment of wares, ranging from fresh fruit to fabrics and crafts.
- Labadi Beach is a great spot for a quiet getaway. It has sandy beaches, vibrant beachside bars, and the opportunity to relax by the Atlantic Ocean.
The transportation network of Accra comprises roads, railroads, and air travel. The city’s transportation network links numerous neighbourhoods, and Kotoka International Airport serves as a main gateway. Public transit, such as buses and taxis, is a handy method to get around the city.
Online Maps and Navigation Apps
Online maps and navigation applications have become indispensable tools for navigating Accra in the digital era. Platforms such as Google Maps give real-time directions, traffic updates, and information on sites of interest, providing a unified experience for both inhabitants and tourists.
Accra’s navigation is a voyage through history, culture, and modernity. The Accra map provides directions to the city’s many neighbourhoods, landmarks, and dynamic communities. Understanding the layout of Accra improves the whole experience of this lively West African metropolis, whether touring historical monuments, relaxing on the beaches, or conducting business in the bustling districts.
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