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Kotoka International Airport: Services, Covid-19 Protocols & Board of Directors



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Kotoka International Airport is the biggest and only international in Ghana and is located in Accra. It is operated by the Ghana Airport Company Limited and has a record of serving a record 3 million passengers in 2019.

Terminals and Services

The Airport has two operational terminals currently which serve different purposes depending on the passenger’s flight schedule. Terminal two is used for only domestic travel while Terminal three serves regional, international and long-haul operators. However, Terminal one presently has been refurbished to be used for Private Jets and a VVIP lounge. Meanwhile, Terminal three has the capacity for some of the largest aircraft such as the Airbus A380.

Furthermore, the Kotoka International Airport is served by numerous cargo airlines on a regularly scheduled basis, in addition to ad-hoc cargo flights. In 2016, Air Ghana opened the Ghana Airport Cargo Center, a 10,000 sq.m dedicated cargo warehouse facility supplemented by 9,000 sq.m of office space, in partnership with Ghana Airports Company Limited and Swissport.

Covid-19 Protocols & Guidelines

1. Pre-Arrival Processes – Travellers intending to enter Ghana

a. All international passengers including those from the ECOWAS region, intending to fly to Ghana, will be required to be fully vaccinated.

b. Fill the Ghana Health Declaration form here:

2. Arriving Passengers – Travellers Entering Ghana

Ghanaians and Foreign Residents

a. 18 years and above arriving in Ghana will be required to provide evidence of full vaccination for a COVID-19 vaccine at the point of embarkation and upon arrival at Kotoka International Airport (KIA).

b. Fully vaccinated will be exempted from pre-departure COVID-19 PCR testing from point of embarkation.

c. Fully vaccinated will be exempted from COVID-19 testing upon arrival at the KIA.

d. Partially vaccinated or unvaccinated will be required to present a NEGATIVE 48hrs PCR test result to the airline before embarkation and upon arrival.

e. Partially vaccinated or unvaccinated will undergo COVID-19 testing at the KIA upon arrival.

f. Partially vaccinated or unvaccinated will be undergo COVID-19 vaccination at KIA upon arrival.

3. Non-Ghanaians:

a. At the point of embarkation must provide evidence of full vaccination status to the Airline prior to embarkation. (Airlines that board non-Ghanaians without evidence of full vaccination will be considered to have violated the COVID-19 guidelines for Ghana and shall be fined $3,500.00)

b. Travelling to Kotoka International Airport with fake or forged vaccination certificates shall be quarantined and returned to the point of embarkation at their own cost.

All Arriving passengers will undergo temperature screening, Yellow Fever Card verification and COVID-19 vaccination certificate verification as required

4. Transit Passengers

a. Passengers transiting and transferring through KIA will be required to be fully vaccinated and in addition adhere to COVID-19 testing requirements at the destination countries.


5. Exemptions

a. Children under 18 years will not be tested at the Airport upon arrival

b. Children between 10-17 years who are unvaccinated are to submit a 48 Hour negative PCR test prior to embarkation to Ghana

c. Children under 10 years are exempted from pre-departure COVID-19 PCR testing and COVID-19 testing at the Airport upon arrival

d. Airline crew are exempted from the pre-departure and arrival COVID-19 testing and should follow the Airline policy for testing.

e. Passengers who arrive under emergency circumstances such as diverted flights will not be required to undergo testing if they do not leave the airport or remain in isolation in their hotel.

6. Travelling with Pets

a. Travelling with pets into Ghana is allowed in line with guidelines of the Veterinary Services Directorate of the Ministry of Food & Agriculture.

7. Departure Process- Passengers exiting Ghana

a. Passengers departing Accra will required to adhere to COVID-19 testing requirements for the destination countries.

b. Departing passengers will undergo temperature screening at the entrance of Terminal 3 departures

8. Wearing of Nose Mask

a. Wearing of nose mask is mandatory in all Airport Terminals and ancillary buildings

9. Vaccination

Definition of Fully Vaccinated – A person is said to be fully vaccinated when he/she has taken the full dose of vaccines approved and registered by the Food and Drugs Authority (FDA), Ghana.








Sputnik V (Gam-COVID-Vac)

Gamaleya National Centre of Epidemiology and Microbiology, Russia


CovishieldTM (Oxford/AstraZeneca formulation)

Serum Institute of India (SIIPL) India


COVID-19 Vaccine Janssen (Ad26.COV2. S)

Janssen Pharmaceutica NV

Einsteinweg 101, 2333 CB Leiden,

The Netherlands


Pfizer – BioNTech’s Comirnaty (BNT162B2)

BioNTech Manufacturing GmbH

Kupferbergterrasse 17-19, 55116 Mainz


Pfizer Manufacturing Belgium NV

Rijksweg 12, 2870 Puurs,



Moderna’s Spikevax (mRNA 1273)

Rovi Pharma Industrial Services, S.A

San Sebastian de los Reyes Paseo de Europa, 50 28703.

Madrid, Spain


Vaxzevira (previously COVID-19 Vaccine AstraZeneca) (AZD1222)

AstraZeneca AB (Sweden)

SK Bioscience Co Limited (Republic of Korea)




Bharat Biotech, India


BBIBP-CorV (Vero Cells)

Sinopharm, (Beijing) China



Sinovac, China.



COVID-19 vaccine (SARS-CoV-2 rS Protein Nanoparticle [Recombinant])

Serum Institute of India Pvt. Ltd



COVID-19 vaccine (SARS-CoV-2 rS [Recombinant, adjuvanted])

Novavax CZ a.s.

N/B: The first dose of Johnson and Johnson and 2nd dose of all other approved vaccines should be at least 14 days prior to embarkation to be qualified as fully vaccinated.


10. Traveller Role – Uploading the vaccination card onto the PanaBIOS trusted travel platform

a. Create an account on the AU-endorsed site: or on the UNDP-endorsed Global Haven site:

b. Click on the “Trusted Vaccines” tab.

c. Choose user type to create vaccination booklet (self or dependent if uploading for someone).

d. Indicate the country of vaccination.

e. Choose pathogen/disease (SARS-CoV-2).

f. Fill the vaccination campaign column (i.e., Type of vaccines and the number of shots).

g. Fill the vaccination record (i.e. Batch number, manufacturer, vaccination date and vaccination card number).

h. Upload the vaccination card.

i. The system will verify your vaccine records and issue you with a code and a pass.

j. Either the vaccine code or the pass is adequate for travel.

k. The vaccine code or the pass will be verified and validated by Port Health before departure and upon arrival into Ghana.

l. The vaccine code or the pass will be pre-validated by the airline before check-in at departure.

m. If unvaccinated, take a PCR test within 48 hours of your embarkation to Ghana and validate the test result at or

11. Airline Role

a. Airline pre-embarkation staff must confirm that passengers have BOTH a Vaccine Code from PanaBIOS and a Vaccine Card before check-in.

b. Airline operators should inspect, and ensure that every passenger shows proof of a pre-validated vaccination certificate (QR Code) from the PanaBios platform before they are allowed to board the flight.

c. Sanctions will be applied by Port Health to airlines who do not comply to the guidelines and protocols.

12. Port Health Role

a. Port Health will validate the vaccination certificate both physically and using the PanaBIOS platform of travelers embarking and disembarking at the airport, seaport, and ground crossing.

b. Port Health will provide technical assistance, supervise, and monitor the airlines to enhance effective implementation.

c. Port Health will apply sanctions to airlines who do not comply to the guidelines:

d. Disembark travellers who did not upload their vaccination certificates


e. Disembark Non-Ghanaian(s) who are not fully vaccinated per the guidelines

f. Travelers who are found to possess ‘fake’ or ‘vaccination certificate belonging to other persons’ will be handed over to the National Security.

Customer support: Additional information on how to comply with these directives are available at:

Additional information and guides can be accessed on the Ghana Health Service and Africa CDC website ( Customer service and technical support can be reached via

Board of Directors

A nine-member board has ace Ghanaian broadcaster, Mr Paul Adom-Otchere, the host of Good Evening Ghana on Metro TV as the Chairman with Madam Pamela Djamson -Tettey, Managing Director of GACL, Mr Teye Adirackor, Mr Kwabena Mantey Jectey Nyarko, Ms Philomena Sam, Mr Francis Kofi Nunoo and Group Captain Gervase Wienaa as members. The president of Sports Writers Association of Ghana (SWAG) and renowned football commentator, Kwabena Yeboah was later sworn in together with Kojo Edyir Danso bringing the total number of board members to nine (9) to serve the Ghana Airports Company Limited.


Apply for Scholarships in USA: GPA Requirements and Many More




Apply for Scholarships in USA: GPA Requirements and Many More

A scholarship is a monetary award given to a student for academic achievement and promise. Some, however, consider financial needs as well. Scholarships are not required to be repaid. You can apply for three types of scholarships: university scholarships, department-sponsored scholarships, and external (non-UNT) scholarships. Obtaining a full free scholarship in the United States is a difficult process, but it is possible if you have outstanding academic achievements, exceptional talents, and financial needs.

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Apply for Scholarships in USA: GPA Requirements and Many More

Applying for scholarships in the USA typically involves the following steps:

  • Scholarship research: Begin by looking into scholarships that are available to you. You can find scholarships that match your skills, interests, and qualifications by using online search engines such as Fastweb,, and Cappex.
  • Checking eligibility: Once you’ve found scholarships that interest you, carefully review their eligibility requirements. Some scholarships may be restricted to specific regions, disciplines, or demographic groups.
  • Preparing your application materials: Scholarship applications typically require the submission of an application form, transcripts, test scores, essays, letters of recommendation, and other supporting materials. Gather all required documents and begin preparing them as soon as possible to ensure that you meet the application deadline.
  • Scholarship applications: Submit your applications to the scholarships for which you are eligible and interested. Make sure to carefully read the application instructions and submit your materials by the deadline.
  • Following up: After submitting your scholarship applications, you may need to contact the scholarship providers to confirm receipt and inquire about the status of your application.
  • Acceptance of an award: If you are chosen for a scholarship, you will typically be notified via email or mail. Additional steps may be required, such as accepting the scholarship offer, providing additional documentation, or attending an interview.
  • Renewal: Some scholarships are renewable for multiple years; however, in order to continue receiving the scholarship, you must maintain your eligibility and meet the renewal requirements.

In addition to these steps, you can think about ways to improve your academic performance, participate in extracurricular activities, volunteer, and network with scholarship providers and alumni to increase your chances of receiving a scholarship.

What GPA is required for scholarships USA?

The GPA required for scholarships in the United States varies depending on the scholarship programme, but most scholarships require a minimum GPA of 2.5 or higher on a 4.0 scale. Some scholarships, however, may have higher GPA requirements, such as 3.0, 3.5, or even 4.0. Scholarships may take into account factors other than GPA, such as test scores, essays, letters of recommendation, extracurricular activities, and community involvement. Certain majors, academic programmes, or demographic groups may also have specific GPA requirements for scholarships. It’s critical to research the specific scholarship programmes you’re interested in to find out what GPA requirements and other eligibility criteria they have.

What is the easiest scholarship to get?

Scholarship programmes vary in terms of eligibility requirements, application processes, and competitiveness, so there is no single “easiest” scholarship to obtain. Some scholarship programmes, on the other hand, may have less competition and more relaxed eligibility requirements, potentially making them easier to obtain. Here are a couple of examples:

  • Some scholarships are only available to students from a specific geographic region, such as a city, county, or state. Local scholarships may attract fewer applicants than national scholarships, making them more accessible.
  • Niche scholarships are intended for students with specific interests, talents, or backgrounds. There are scholarships for left-handed students, tall students, gamers, and a variety of other niche categories.
  • Merit-based scholarships are given out based on academic or other achievements, such as athletic or artistic abilities. Merit-based scholarships may be available if you have a strong academic record or exceptional talents.
  • Scholarships based on financial need: Some scholarships are awarded based on financial need. You may be eligible for need-based scholarships if you demonstrate financial need.
  • Essay contests: Some scholarship programmes require applicants to write essays on a particular topic. You may have an advantage in essay-based scholarship contests if you are a strong writer.

While there may be less competition for these types of scholarships, it is important to note that they still require effort and attention to detail in the application process. To increase your chances of receiving a scholarship, review the eligibility requirements carefully, submit all required materials on time, and put your best foot forward in your application.

Which US university gives 100% scholarships?

Some universities in the United States provide full-ride scholarships that cover tuition, room and board, and other expenses. However, these scholarships are extremely competitive, and only a small number of students are typically awarded them each year. The following universities provide full-ride scholarships:

  • Duke University: The Robertson Scholars Leadership Program at Duke covers full tuition, fees, room and board, as well as summer enrichment opportunities and leadership development.
  • Emory University: Emory University offers the Emory Scholars Program, which includes full tuition, fees, room and board, as well as a stipend for study abroad, research, or internship opportunities.
  • Notre Dame Scholars Program: The Notre Dame Scholars Program covers full tuition, fees, room and board, as well as an additional $26,000 for enrichment opportunities such as research, internships, or study abroad.
  • Vanderbilt University: The Cornelius Vanderbilt Scholarship, which covers full tuition, fees, room and board, as well as a stipend for summer research or study abroad, is available at Vanderbilt.
  • Yale University offers the Yale Scholarship, which includes full tuition, fees, room and board, a travel stipend, and a book allowance.

Please keep in mind that these scholarships have specific eligibility requirements and application processes, as well as being extremely competitive. To be considered for one of these scholarships, you must have exceptional academic achievements, leadership skills, and community involvement, among other things. To determine if you qualify, research each university’s scholarship programmes and eligibility criteria, and carefully follow the application instructions.

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MTN Ghana disputes $773m tax bill from government



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MTN Group Ltd., Africa’s largest wireless carrier, said it has received a $773 million back-tax bill, including penalties and interest charges in Ghana that it plans to fight.

The bill is for the period between 2014 and 2018 and implies that MTN under-declared its revenue in the country by 30%, the company said in a statement on Friday.

MTN said it received the notice this week

The company said, “MTN Ghana believes that the taxes due have been paid during the period under assessment and has resolved to vigorously defend MTN Ghana’s position on the assessment,” 

Africa’s largest wireless carriers are increasingly caught up in tax disputes on the continent.

MTN was victorious in a conflict in Nigeria in 2020 when the government had to drop a $2 billion claim for back taxes following a 16-month battle.

More recently, Vodacom Group Ltd. has been embroiled in a controversial tax demand in Congo that saw the government seal parts of its offices and freezes

A spokeswoman for the GRA, Florence Asante, said she couldn’t immediately comment when reached by phone.

Ghana, which lost access to the international capital markets due to its ballooning debt and loan service costs, suspended interest payments on its external debt last month. The nation is trying to restructure its obligations to finalize a $3 billion bailout from the International Monetary Fund. 

MTN said in the statement that the GRA had begun an audit of its Ghanaian business in 2019 to look into the “reliability and completeness” of the revenue it declared during the five years. The GRA hadn’t issued the unit with any guidelines or standards relating to its new audit methodology, MTN said. 

“MTN Group and MTN Ghana will continue to engage with the relevant authorities on this matter and MTN remains resolute that MTN Ghana is a tax-compliant corporate citizen,” the company said. its bank accounts.

The Ghana Revenue Authority used a third-party consultant as well as a new methodology, the company said.

“MTN Ghana strongly disputes the accuracy and basis of the assessment, including the methodology used in conducting the audit,” the company said.


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5 Richest Families In Ghana



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Despite the crippling economic challenges confronting Ghana, some families still wield strong financial muscles according to a recent research conducted by Forbes top five richest families in Ghana.

The Irani family with a net worth of $800m ranks among the list compiled by the renowned research outfit.

Also on the list is the Brock Royal family with a $748m net worth.

Recently, the Brock family was in the news following a sleek Maybach Exelero discovered in Ghana after a collaborative effort by two embassies resulting in the confiscation of the sports like car in Accra.

It was later released after the embassy discovered the affluence of the Brock Royal family.

The founder and father of the Brock royal family declined interview by the media wanting to enquire more about their wealth.

The Kalmoni family with a net worth of $700m also ranks among the top five rich list.

A $650m net worth hands the Awuah Darkos a place on the rankings.

Owners of business conglomerate (Ashfoam, Suvenil Paints)-The Hitti family -net worth of $550m has been captured on the Forbes rich list.

According to the research, the criteria for the ranking was not based strictly on net worth, but rather the total value of properties minus debt .

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